A woman who has legally fought for citizenship says a DUP MP`s comments on British and Irish citizenship are "incompatible" with the ACM. Prior to 1998, the regulation of citizenship was governed by ordinary legislation. A constitutional right to citizenship at birth was included in article 2 revised in 1998 following the Good Friday Agreement. The aim was to ensure Irish citizenship for people of Irish or British parents born in Northern Ireland. None of the parties to the negotiations intended this right to apply to the children of persons not related to Ireland. The wording of Article 2 did not distinguish between the children of the people of Northern Ireland and the children of two non-State parents. This campaign has won the support, or at least the attention, of the premiers of both countries. However, the attempt to change the legal status of citizenship through the courts was rejected by the Supreme Court. The agreement provided for the establishment of an independent commission to review police regulation in Northern Ireland, "including ways to promote broad community support" for these arrangements. The UK government has also committed to a "comprehensive review" of the criminal justice system in Northern Ireland. Robinson said he was "concerned about the government`s recent decision to change the system of colonization to allow dual citizenship for family members of British and British-Irish citizens." The Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland, contained in the UK`s withdrawal agreement from the EU, reaffirms that the Good Friday Agreement should be protected in its entirety.
In 2004, negotiations took place between the two governments, the DUP and Sinn Féin, on an agreement on institution-building. These talks failed, but a document published by governments detailing changes to the Belfast Agreement became known as the "Global Agreement". However, on 26 September 2005, it was announced that the Provisional Irish Republican Army had completely closed and "decommissioned" its arsenal. Nevertheless, many trade unionists, in particular the DUP, remained sceptical. Of the loyalist paramilitaries, only the Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF) had decommissioned weapons.  Further negotiations took place in October 2006 leading to the St Andrews Agreement. The definition of the term "EEA citizen" in the rules on the system of establishment status of the Ministry of the Interior has recently been amended. What are the consequences? How do these changes affect the population of Northern Ireland? Why are some people dissatisfied with these changes? What does the UK Citizenship Act say about people born in Northern Ireland? How do these citizenship laws interact with the birthright provision of the Belfast Agreement/Good Friday? What does the European Convention on Human Rights say about identity and immigration? What do the people of Northern Ireland say when asked about their nationality? This paper addresses the complex issues that underlie all of these issues. Some commentators have called the agreement "Sunningdale for slow learners," suggesting that it was nothing more than what was offered in the 1973 Sunningdale Agreement.  This claim has been criticized by political scientists such as Richard Wilford and Stefan Wolff.