Free Trade Agreements Commission

Fifth, the Commission promises to "strengthen the enforcement" of obligations under the TSD chapter, including strengthening monitoring of commitments, developing action plans for trading partners when concerns are identified, and triggering dispute resolution procedures that do not comply with action plans. Footnote 69 When expert groups make recommendations for action, follow-up action will be taken to ensure that recommendations are implemented. The Commission has already begun to adopt this more confident approach with a number of its trading partners. The Commission`s ability to make substantial progress on more difficult work issues, where trading partners are resistant to change, will be critical to the effectiveness of its approach. Otherwise, key stakeholders should be skeptical of the need for more concerted use of existing instruments. Footnote 70 The EU model still does not appear to have concrete and tangible economic incentives for measures in the area of labour standards, which have been identified as an important element in the implementation of conflicts with trading partners. Footnote 71 The Council of the Eurasian Economic Commission has decided to set up Joint Research Groups (JRG) to examine the appropriateness of concluding free trade agreements with Mongolia and Indonesia. According to experts, trade and economic relations with these countries have considerable undeveloped potential. 56 A. Smith, L.

Campling, M. Barbu, J. Harrison and B. Richardson (2017), "Anchoring Labour Rights More Effectively in EU Trade Agreements," Social Europe, 13 July 2017, www.socialeurope.eu/anchoring-labour-rights-effectively-eu-trade-agreements (recalled 9 October 2017); The ILO, supra n. 19. In its "Trade for All" strategy, the European Commission has positioned itself as a leader in promoting a "values-based" free trade model that promotes labour standards and sustainable development in the integration of economies. To keep this promise and convince the chorus of growing criticism that a "social dimension of globalization" can be promoted, it is essential to engage effectively in commercial activities. The labour standards provisions contained in the TSD chapters are essential for the European Commission to achieve this goal. We have identified numerous studies that examine the functioning of chapters that have identified serious limitations and shortcomings in the current model. It is therefore to be welcomed that the European Commission has responded to the criticism and has drawn up a series of proposals to "revise" the TSD chapters.

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